Equal pay for equal work has been in the news this month, with the issuance of two executive orders by the president to address the issue of gender pay equity. It seems unexceptional to argue that workers doing the same work with similar experience should earn the same salary. For decades, there was a significant gap between male and female workers.
Some of this pay inequity in the past was explained by women having less experience and being concentrated in low-pay clerical and minor administrative roles. However, some of it was explained by outright pay discrimination. Today, the Office of Personnel Management reports that the gap in 2012 was at 12.7, as compared to 30 percent in 1992.