Military service veterans are entitled to special preferences for employment in light of their service. Military service, even in time of peace, is often a risky job and as a nation, one of the rewards we provide those who have served is with preferences in federal employment.
Two laws, the Veterans Employment Opportunities Act of 1998 (VEOA), and the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (USERRA), are designed to protect the employment preferences and rights of veterans.
The VEOA works specifically to protect the rights of veterans who apply for federal employment. The USERRA, is broader, in that it protects the rights of veterans who leave their existing jobs in the civilian sector or federal government, and then return after a period of active duty military service.