Workers in the United States have certain rights against adverse employer actions. Unfortunately, a great majority of people aren't fully aware of what those rights are or what can be done in response to apparent adverse job actions. Nor does it matter whether the person is employed in the private sector or is a federal worker.
Understanding what can be done in response to an adverse situation often requires contacting an attorney who has demonstrated skill and experience in advocating for employee rights. And this may be particularly true when a federal employee is fighting for his or her rights because the system is so complicated.
For example, the federal Merit System Protection Board is that panel through which federal workers can pursue their appeals of what they consider to be unfair job actions. But there are some limits as to the kinds of cases the MSPB can hear.
The board is the venue to use if a worker is seeking to appeal such actions as demotions, suspensions or terminations. A worker cited for performance issues after years of solid work reviews might have cause to challenge disciplinary actions that might result. If a within-grade salary increase is denied, that might warrant an appeal, as well.
The board can also hear claims related to discriminatory actions, but only under certain specific conditions. Nor does it hear claims related to certain whistleblower reprisal actions. There may however be other routes for seeking redress, which an attorney would be able to explain.
One other thing that can prompt some confusion is that different types of appeals may require following different timetables for action. Most appeals are required to be filed within 30 days of the action or notification of a management decision. But others have different due dates.
Due process is a right and a good thing, but it is also something that may need to be fought for. To see other frequently asked questions about the MSPB you may wish to visit our page dedicated to the topic.